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Khan Omurtag (814-831)

During the pagan period, bulgarians and Slavs recorded their history by using the greek alphabet. However, marks and notches, but not he ones to which Chernorizetz Khrabqr refered, prompt speculations that the protobulgarians had their own alphabet. From the ninety-two stone inscriptions from 8-9 centuries, during the rule of Tervel (701-718), Krum (802-814), Omurtag (814-831), Malamir (831-836), Presian (836-852), and Boris (852-889), the oldest is the one from the rocks at Madara Rider. The most important one from this perios, the Imennik na Bqlgarskite Khanove, is known only in later copies. The most important from the original stone inscriptions remains the one left by Omurtag.

Khan Omurtag caused one of the stone columns of the Church of the Forty Saints and Martyrs in Tqrnovo to bear a stirring inscription, a monument to the philosophical and ethical thought and deep insight of a people aware of their historical immortality, an excerpt of which appears below.


...Khan Ivigi Omurtag, obitavaiki v staria svoyi dom, napravi preslaven dom na Dunava. I kato izmerih razstoyianieto mezhdu dvata vseslavni doma, napravih mogila na sredata i ot samata sreda na mogilata do staria moiy dvoretz sa 20,000 rastega i do Dunava sa 20,000 rastega. Samata mogila pqk e vseslavna i kato izmerih zemyata, napravih tozi nadpis. Chovek, dori i dobre da zhivee, umira i drug se razhda i neka rodeniyat posleden, kato gleda tova, da si spomni za tozi, koyito go e napravil. A imteo na vladetelya e Omurtag, khan ivigi. Bog da go udostoi da zhivee 100 godini...

...A man, even if he lives abundantly, dies, and another is born, so let whoever is born hereafter, seeing this cairn, recall the man who raised it up ....

 

 


Last modified: November 24, 1997

p-miltenoff@nwu.edu